Sunday, May 21, 2017

Fiat Lux: Let there be light

Fiat Lux, Latin for “Let there be light,” is the motto of the University of California. It is also an ancient biblical reference that announces the coming of light into the world and, with it, knowledge, the power of perception and the hope for wisdom.

Early Judo-Christian belief was there was a bone somewhere in the human body which held spiritual importance and was the means of resurrection. God was thought to look after it and made the bone indestructible.Emperor Hadrian (AD 76 -138) was aware of the common belief but was sceptical until he was shown proof.

It took until the writings of Rabbi Uschania (AD circa 210) to affirm the bone could not be destroyed by fire, water or other element. The bone was thought to be completely unbreakable, nor would it bruise even under force. Many historians believe the holy bone existed somewhere in the spinal column and was called Lus (or lux - Aramaic). However, not all agree which part of the column the bone came from (i.e. top or bottom) and some believe Lux may have referred to the talus (in the foot).

The talus is rather unique in the body as it is the only bone which has no muscles originate from it nor attached to it. The bone sits beneath the tibia and on top of the calcaneum e.g. between the leg and foot. It has a very important function which allows the foot to adjust to the ground and helps the upper skeleton compensate.

The talo-calcaneal, or subtalar joint allows three dimensional motion to occur i.e. supination and pronation.

In antiquity dice were made from the talus of hoofed animals, like oxen. They were referred to as ‘c” and had a tetrahedral shape. The Dice (often called bones) were used for games and throwing dice for money was the cause of many special laws.

At the Crusification, the centurions diced at the feet of Christ,(Matthew 27:35-40). Despite the association with gambling the talus, was known as the good bone and the Centurions using it as a dice, might be taken to represent reserection. Good men never die.

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