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Wednesday, May 14, 2014

Falls prevention and podiatry




According to experts both foot strength and flexiibilty decline with age and falls are common in older people. A recent randomized controlled trial of a multifaceted podiatric medical intervention demonstrated a 36% reduction in the fall rate over 12 months. Reseachers evaluated the acceptability of and levels of satisfaction with this intervention in the older people who participated in the trial. Participants were allocated to the intervention group (which included a home-based program of foot and ankle exercises, assistance with the purchase of safe footwear when necessary, and provision of prefabricated foot orthoses) and asked to complete a structured questionnaire 6 months after they had received the intervention. The questions addressed participants’ perceptions of their balance and foot and ankle strength, the perceived difficulty of the exercise program, and the degree of satisfaction with the footwear and orthoses provided. Of 153 participants, 134 (87.6%) attended the 6-month follow-up assessment and completed the questionnaire. Most participants perceived improvements in balance (62.7%) and foot and ankle strength (74.6%) after 6 months of performing the exercises, and 86.6% considered the difficulty level of the exercises to be “about right.” Most participants reported that they were somewhat or very satisfied with the footwear (92.3%) and orthoses (81.6%) provided. The multifaceted podiatric medical intervention used in this trial was generally perceived to be beneficial and demonstrated high levels of satisfaction among participants. Further research is now required to evaluate the feasibility of implementing the intervention in a range of clinical practice settings.

Established guidelines for falls prevention now recommend that older adults have their feet examined by a podiatrist as a precautionary measure.

Reference
Menz H B, Spink MJ, Landorf K B, Hill KD and Lord S R (2013 ) Older People’s Perceptions of a Multifaceted Podiatric Medical Intervention to Prevent Falls J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 103(6): 457–464.

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