Friday, June 30, 2017

Pharaohs' toes

The oldest case of mummified Hallux Valgus has been found in an Egyptian mummy recovered in the necropolis of Sharuna (Middle Egypt) and dated to the end of the Old Kingdom (circa 2100 BC). The first metatarsophalangeal angle of 28° was measured confirming hallux valgus. The common orthopaedic condition in adult feet is clinically significant with a 12° deviation of the hallux. The etiology can be congenital, associated with the occurrence of metatarsus primus varus, or acquired, which is often associated with wearing tight-fitting shoes.

Researchers at the University of Basel, Switzerland were excavating a shaft tomb not far from Luxor, when they discovered a wooden prosthetic toe. It is thought the prosthesis belonged to the daughter of an Egyptian high priest and was buried about 3000 years ago. Wear marks indicated the device was regularly worn and had the ability to function as an articulation meeting the criteria of a prosthesis, as opposed to a cosmesis (false part)

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